Ch1 Intro: re-visioning family therapy from a multicultural perspective
as family therapist we need to encourage our clients to go beyond the dominant culture’s definitions of family, to pay attention to relationships with siblings, nieces and nephews, grandchildren, aunts, and uncles.
2 mental disorders prevalent among slaves: drapetomania, urge to escape slavery. dysathesia aeithiopia – disobedience, refusing to work, fighting with master.
we are much more likely to diagnose the victims of abuse than the perpetrators.
Those people whose norms are different from the dominant norm, remain marginalized, invalidated, and pathologized as deficient, dysfunctional, or invisible.
Labels: We need to develop a perspective on our identity that allows for at least 3 levels.
Our uniqueness as individuals
Our various group identities that give us a sense of home – of defining relatedness to others.
Our common partnership with every other human being, without a sense of which we will surely perish.
Dealing with the subject of cultural diversity is a balance b/w validating the differences among us and appreciating the forces of our common humanity.
Class: fx therapist must acknowledge our prejudices and to know that we will make mistakes.
Techniques by which accountability for injustice is undermined.
Paralysis – people become so overwhelmed by their own pain that, fearing the possibility that they might offend again in the future, they do nothing and feel impotent.
Patronizing – taking on the issues of the oppressed to the extent that they inappropriately become self appointed spokespeople for them.
Individualizing – person denies the relevance for group norms and behaviors, making it impossible to discuss issues of power, privilege, and accountability.
Denial – belongs to the category of privilege, keeps one from having to be accountable for the privileges of whiteness and makes discussion of the problems of racism, sexism, and other discrimination impossible.
The evolution of family therapy: Phase 1: women and minorities were absent from academic discussion. Phase 2: the lens may be widened to include some women and minorities in the discussion of history. Phase 3: begins to be a rethinking of the place of women and minorities in society. Phase 4: conceptions of history undergo a more radical transformation. Phase 5: history will itself be reconceived to include us all.